Investment opportunities in the meat industry

The meat industry is one of the important components in the livestock sector. Average meat production in 2013/2014 was estimated at 563,086 tones. Most of the meat produced comes from indigenous cattle,

sheep and goats. Livestock are source of many valuable products and by products. Common sources of meat in this country include beef cattle, sheep and goats, poultry, pigs, fish, game and non – conventional animals.

Meat Industry sub sector in Tanzania is governed by the Meat Industry Act No. 10 of 2006 whereas it support the industry restructuring through establishment of proper organization and coordination of the meat industry stakeholders for the development of the industry. It also regulates the production of meat and meat products within the meat value chain to ensure quality and standards of meat and meat products.

Tanzania is endowed with abundant natural resources which include land and huge livestock resources base. Out of 88.6 million hectares of land; 60 million ha are rangelands with carrying capacity of up to 20 million Livestock Unit (LU) and providing over 90% of the feed resource for livestock. The 2012/2013 statistics indicate that, there are about 22.8 million cattle, 15.6 million goats, 7.0 million sheep. Other livestock kept include 2.01 million pigs, 35.5 million traditional chicken and 24.5 million layers and broilers. Over the 70% of livestock in the country is found in the Lake, Northern and Central zones. These animals are kept under four farming systems which are; mixed farming, agro – pastoral, pastoral and commercial.

Areas for Investment Meat Industry:

There is a need to invest in quality meat production to meet requirements of the growing number of middle income consumers, tourist hotels; mining centers, supermarkets in the country and for the export. Also given the human population of Tanzania, that currently stand 45 million and taking into consideration that FAO recommends 50 kilogram per capital consumption against the actual consumption of 12 kg therefore, there is sufficient demand for meat in the country.

  1. Beef Cattle

Currently beef industry is constrained with low genetic potential of existing stock, inadequate infrastructure and inadequate marketing system. In this area there is an opportunity to increase commercially oriented production of quality beef to meet standards for the domestic and external markets. The areas for investment in beef cattle industry include:

  • Going into joint venture with National Ranching Company (NARCO) and other privately own ranches to modernize the existing ranches;
  • To invest in the establishment of new ranches (cattle, sheep and goats) and farms (poultry and piggery);
  • Feed – lot/fattening programmes; and
  • To invest in modern slaughtering facilities and processing plants


  1. Sheep and Goats

Sheep and goats are widely distributed and adapted in many agro – ecological zones. Their ability to multiply and grow faster than cattle, at a relatively low cost makes goats more attractive to small scale farmers. Also there is a great opportunities in the export market of goat/sheep meat to the Middle East and other African countries to the tune of 1,020 tons per year. However, the exported products are limited to whole carcasses with no further processing. The areas for investment in sheep and goat industry include:

  • Partnership with National Ranching Company in the production of sheep and goats;
  • Establishment of large scale of sheep and goats for meat production;
  • Contract farming between export agents and sheep and goats farmers.
  • Establishing export slaughter and processing facilities to improve handling and quality of product for export
  1. Poultry

The poultry industry in Tanzania is dived into traditional and commercial production systems. The traditional system is the largest contributing over 70% of flock, supplying most of the poultry meat and eggs consumed in rural and about 20% in urban areas. There is an opportunity to increase quantity and improve quality of poultry and its products to satisfy domestic demand and increase export to other African countries and promote sustainable poultry production. The areas for investment in poultry industry include:

  • Establishment of breeders farms for grand and parent stock;
  • Establishment of animal feeds processing plant to supply feeds to the large local small and medium scale producers
  • Establishment of commercial layers and broiler farms; and
  • Establishment of broiler processing plants and act as hub/market for small and medium scale poultry production.
  1. Pigs

Pig production is becoming popular in many parts of the country and provides significant contribution to meat supply in the country. Pork demand is increasing in urban and peri – urban area due to the increasing customer’s preference for its delicacy. However, the current production does not suffice the increasing demand for the domestic and export markets. Therefore pig production can be improved through proper husbandry practices, adequate support services and appropriate slaughter and marketing infrastructure. The areas for investment in pig industry include:

  • Establishment of breeder’s farms;
  • Establishment of commercial farms; and
  • Establishment of slaughter and processing plants and act as hub/market for small and medium scale pig production.


  1. Conclusion

There are potential investments and trade opportunities in the livestock sector in Tanzania. The Government has taken initiatives in facilitating investment undertakings in various sectors of the economy. Conducive investment policies and regulatory frameworks are in place.


Private sector are encouraged to proactively get engaged either individually, through joint ventures and through Public – Private Partnership (PPP) in order to capture available opportunities or through joint ventures in order to capture available opportunities.

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Language :Kiswahili